115 artists, 6837 songs
Jamaican music changed significantly during the 1960s as fast-paced ska slowed down and became known as rock steady. In early 1968, several popular Jamaican artists recorded songs at a tempo slightly faster than rock steady featuring interlocked organ and rhythm guitar accenting the upbeats in counterpoint to the bass and drum downbeats. This style became known as reggae, named after the Maytals' single, "Do the Reggay." Bob Marley made reggae an international sensation in 1973 with the release of Catch a Fire, which featured Rastafarian sociopolitical lyrics and overdubs from studio musicians that gave the album a rock-friendly sound. Marley's phenomenal success paved the way for similar rock-oriented roots reggae artists like Peter Tosh, the Mighty Diamonds and Black Uhuru.